Angioplasty: Conditions, Procedure, Type, Treatment, Cost, Risks & Recover

Angioplasty: Conditions, Procedure, Type, Treatment, Cost, Risks & Recover

Angioplasty- Key Procedure to Open Clogged Arteries

Angioplasty surgery is a way to open the blocked heart arteries and normalize the blood flow. It is an endovascular and minimally invasive procedure. Our arteries get blocked by fatty substances known as plaques. Plaques are not suitable for the arteries as they reduce blood flow. A tiny balloon is inserted and inflated in the exact place where the artery is clogged. This procedure widens the artery and avoids cardiac arrest. It is also referred to as Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty (PTA), Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty or Balloon Angioplasty.

Experts also use stents after Angioplasty to keep the blood flow at an average pace and prevent the artery from narrowing down again. Stents are nothing but a tube-like wired mesh. We can avoid many complications if we undergo Angioplasty within a few hours of a heart attack.

The reason why Angioplasty is good

  • It improves the CAD symptoms like shortness of breath and angina.
  • It opens the blocked arteries and normalizes the blood flow in the artery.
  • Reduce the risk of life-loss in few patients.
  • Prevent the heart muscle from any damage from a heart attack.

Conditions when you need angioplasty surgery:

Well, it depends on your overall healthcare condition, but the following are a few symptoms that will make you eligible for this surgery.

Consistent symptoms like profound weakness, shortness of breath, constant discomfort in the chest.

If you are facing reduced blood flow due to narrowing of arteries, or

If your left artery is narrowed by 70% or more.

50% less blood flow in the left main coronary artery.

Angioplasty Procedure:

Angioplasty: Conditions, Procedure, Type, Treatment, Cost, Risks & Recover

Let us now put some focus on how angiography is done?

In Angioplasty surgery, a deflated balloon is attached to a balloon catheter and passed into the narrowed vessel and then inflated to a fixed size. By doing so, the blood vessels and the surrounding muscular walls get expanded, leading to improved blood flow.  A stent may be inserted during ballooning to ensure that the vessels remain open.  After this, the balloon is deflated and withdrawn.

This whole angioplasty procedure is done under local anesthesia. The incision is done either in arm or groin and then the balloon catheter is inserted towards the end of the artery. The catheter is added with the help of video, a particular type of x-rays and special dyes. In this procedure, the plaques or fatty deposits get pushed against the artery wall, clearing the way for blood flow.

The stent continues to keep the blood vessel open by remaining in the exact position even after the balloon is deflated and removed out of the body. The catheter is then removed once the aircraft is out of the body. This procedure can take a minimum of thirty minutes and can last up to several hours. The vessel puncture site is treated either with a vascular closure device or direct pressure when the procedure gets over.

Angioplasty Types includes:

There are primarily four types of Angioplasty which include;

  1. Carotid Angioplasty

Patients with high risks of carotid endarterectomy go through this treatment procedure which is known as carotid stenting.

  1. Peripheral Angioplasty

This is the type of Angioplasty in which the balloon is used to open the blood vessel. Angioplasty can cure the blockage in the blood vessels, but also the blockage on other body parts like leg or abdomen which occur due to the peripheral artery disease.

  1. Renal Artery Angioplasty

Atherosclerotic obstruction of the renal artery gets treated with this type of Angioplasty. In this procedure, stenting may or may not be required.

  1. Venous Angioplasty

This Angioplasty is mostly done to treat venous stenoses which get caused by a disease called thoracic outlet syndrome.

India has many experienced heart surgeons who can perform all the above types of Angioplasty with perfection. The best hospital for Angioplasty in India offers world-class angioplasty surgery facilities to the global population, that too in affordable surgery cost.

Affordable Angioplasty Cost in India and top-notch hospitals here is attracting a significant ratio of the global population. People can quickly get an appointment with highly experienced experts at top heart hospitals of India.

You can enjoy these benefits only if you take the following precautions;

  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle
  • Take prescribed medications
  • Have a Balanced diet
  • Do not smoke

Angioplasty Risks & Complications:

Just as any other surgery, an individual who has gone through Angioplasty might have to go through allergic reactions that arise from dyes or other medical products that get used in the procedure. Choosing reliable and  Best Angioplasty Treatment in India helps you in avoiding any risks and complications because you will get treatment from best experts at top hospitals.

Angioplasty: Conditions, Procedure, Type, Treatment, Cost, Risks & Recover

Here are some specific risks that might arise are:

  • Arrhythmia which is also known as irregular heartbeat
  • Damage to either artery, heart valve or blood vessel
  • Blood clots in the stent
  • Kidney damage especially in those who are suffering from kidney related ailments
  • Bruising, bleeding or clotting of blood at the insertion point
  • Infection
  • Minimal risk of stroke
  • Arterial rupture from overinflation of balloon catheter or use of the stiff or inappropriate size of the balloon
  • Embolization – formation of debris in the bloodstream
  • Injuries from the radiation during x rays done during the treatment procedure

If Angioplasty has been performed in an emergency then, the risks are more significant than angioplasties that are shown in nonemergency situations.

Recovery after Angioplasty surgery :

After Angioplasty, most patients can walk within two to six hours. However, they are monitored overnight. The site of the catheter is checked for swelling and bleeding, and the blood pressure and heart rate is monitored. The patients are sent home the following day if no complications are found. Individuals can return to their routine by the next week. 

Angioplasty: Conditions, Procedure, Type, Treatment, Cost, Risks & Recover

Doctors advise avoiding strenuous physical activities, sports, etc. for several days following the procedure. They are not allowed to lift anything substantial for up to a week.

After two weeks, most patients are allowed to return to their regular lives safely and gradually begin exercise; initially, low-level exercise and then more advanced ones are advised. Instead of exercising at a stretch, they are encouraged to have several short bouts of activities in a day. Patients have also prescribed medications as per their conditions. The duration of medication also varies from one individual to another.

Angioplasty surgery is a necessary procedure and does wonders for unblocking the arteries. Jiyo India understands that if this procedure is done by the right expert and at the right hospital, patients can enjoy the maximum benefits of this surgery. Hence, we help you with the best stent for Angioplasty in India by giving you access to best angioplasty experts at top hospitals of India in budget-friendly cost.

Contact us on +91 8750033334, +91 8810601324 or write an email on for medical assistance

Also Read About: Heart Disease: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment


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