Angioplasty Surgery can Effectively Treat Many Heart Disorders. Listing Angioplasty Essentials Here!

Angioplasty Procedure

In Angioplasty surgery, a deflated balloon is attached to a balloon catheter and passed into the narrowed vessel and then inflated to a fixed size. By doing so, the blood vessels and the surrounding muscular walls get expanded, leading to improved blood flow. A stent may be inserted during ballooning in order to ensure that the vessels remain open. After this, the balloon is deflated and withdrawn.

Angioplasty Surgery can Effectively Treat Many Heart Disorders. Listing Angioplasty Essentials Here!

In cases where required, the heart surgeons insert coronary artery stent after angioplasty to help keep the blood flowing and prevent the artery from getting narrowed down again. Stents are tube like wired mesh. There is reduced risk of complications if angioplasty is done within few hours of heart attack.

This whole procedure is done under local anesthesia. Incision is done either in arm or groin and then the balloon catheter is inserted towards the end of the artery. The catheter gets inserted with the help of video, special type of x-rays and special dyes. In this procedure, the plaques or fatty deposits get pushed against the artery wall, clearing the way for blood flow.

If a person did not have a heart attack but angioplasty is done as a treatment for any other heart ailment; then too one can be assured of being relieved from future symptoms of heart diseases. However, in some complex cases, arteries start getting blocked again by cholesterol-laden plaques. The procedure of arteries getting blocked is known as restenosis. If an individual suffering from coronary heart disease is treated without the insertion of an angioplasty stent, chances of restenosis gets higher.

What are Stents?

Stents are made of metals for the purpose of getting permanently positioned in the arteries. Some stents are made of fabric. These types of stents are also known as stent grafts and get mostly positioned inside the larger arteries. Some of the stents are also made of special materials that get dissolved and absorbed by the body over time. These are coated in medicine and the medicines get released into the arteries slowly, preventing the arteries from getting blocked again by plaques.

What is an angioplasty?

Angioplasty is a surgical procedure to treat heart disease. In this procedure, the obstructed or narrowed arteries are widened. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to other parts of the body. They get blocked by fatty substances known as plaques. Plaques are not good for the arteries as they reduce blood flow. This condition is termed as coronary heart disease and one experiences pain in the chest. Angioplasty facilitates the easy supply of blood to heart muscles. It includes all types of percutaneously performed vascular interventions. It is also referred to as Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty (PTA), Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty or Balloon Angioplasty. It is an endovascular and minimally invasive procedure. It is generally performed immediately after a heart attack.

This whole procedure is done under local anesthesia. Incision is done either in arm or groin and then the balloon catheter is inserted towards the end of the artery. The catheter gets inserted with the help of video, special type of x-rays and special dyes. In this procedure, the plaques or fatty deposits get pushed against the artery wall, clearing the way for blood flow.

The stent continues to keep the blood vessel open by remaining in the exact position even after the balloon is deflated and removed out of the body. Catheter is also removed once the balloon is out of the body. This procedure can take a minimum of thirty minutes and can last up to several hours. The vessel puncture site is treated either with a vascular closure device or direct pressure when the procedure gets over.

Angioplasty Benefits

It is considered to be an effective way of getting the blood flowing to the heart again and is advisable as soon as possible because the sooner it is done; the better it is for preventing damage to heart muscles. It prevents shortness of breath and relieves chest pain. It also puts other symptoms of heart attack at bay; hence the risk of another heart attack gets lowered. It is undoubtedly more effective than medications.

Angioplasty Risks & Complications

Just as any other surgery, an individual who has gone through angioplasty might have to go through allergic reactions that arise from dyes or other medical products that get used in the procedure. Some specific risks that might arise are:

Angioplasty Surgery can Effectively Treat Many Heart Disorders. Listing Angioplasty Essentials Here!
  • Arrhythmia which is also known as irregular heart beat
  • Damage to either artery, heart valve or blood vessel
  • Blood clots in the stent
  • Kidney damage especially in those who are suffering from kidney related ailments
  • Bruising, bleeding or clotting of blood at the insertion point
  • Infection
  • A minimal risk of stroke
  • Arterial rupture from over inflation of balloon catheter or use of stiff or inappropriate size of balloon
  • Embolization – formation of debris in the bloodstream
  • Injuries from the radiation during x rays done during the treatment procedure

If angioplasty has been performed in an emergency situation then, the risks are greater than angioplasties that are performed in non-emergency situations.

Precautions after Angioplasty

  • Maintain healthy lifestyle
  • Take prescribed medications
  • Have a Balanced diet
  • Do not smoke
Angioplasty Surgery can Effectively Treat Many Heart Disorders. Listing Angioplasty Essentials Here!

Angioplasty types

  1. Carotid Angioplasty

Patients with high risks of carotid endarterectomy go through this treatment procedure which is known as carotid stenting.

2. Peripheral Angioplasty

This is the type of angioplasty in which balloon is used to open the blood vessel. Not only the blood vessel blockage of the heart but also that of the other body parts like leg or abdomen which get caused due to peripheral artery disease are treated by this type of angioplasty.

3. Renal Artery Angioplasty

Atherosclerotic obstruction of the renal artery gets treated with this type of angioplasty. In this procedure stenting may or may not be required.

4. Venous Angioplasty

This angioplasty is mostly done to treat venous stenoses which get caused by a disease called thoracic outlet syndrome.

Recovery after Angioplasty

After angioplasty, most patients are able to walk within two to six hours. However, they are monitored overnight. The site of the catheter is checked for swelling and bleeding and the blood pressure and heart rate is monitored. The patients are sent home the following day if no complications are found. Individuals are able to return to their normal routine by the following week.

Angioplasty Surgery can Effectively Treat Many Heart Disorders. Listing Angioplasty Essentials Here!

Doctors advise to avoid strenous physical activities, sports etc. for several days following the procedure. They are not allowed to lift anything heavy for up to a week.
After two weeks, most patients are allowed to safely return back to their routine lives and gradually begin exercise; initially low level exercise and then more advanced ones are advised. Instead of exercising at a stretch, they are advised to have several short bouts of exercises in a day. Patients are also prescribed medications as per their individual conditions. The duration of medication also varies from one individual to another.

To get information about angioplasty cost in India and best heart hospital in Delhi / NCR region. Contact us on +91 8750033334, +91 8810627987 or write an email on info@jiyoindia.com for medical assistance

Also Read About: Heart Disease: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

 

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