Chronic Kidney Disease: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Chronic Kidney Disease- Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

If a person is confronted by kidney disease then treating it in the right manner becomes immensely important for securing a healthy life. Our kidneys are loaded with more than a million nephrons. These tiny structures are the ones who filter the blood, remove waste fluid which becomes urine which goes to the bladder which stores it until you go to the bathroom. The disease attacks these nephrons and makes them unable to remove wastes and as a result, the kidneys become non-functional.

This is the time when the requirement of immediate treatment occurs. However, to deal with the medical exigency better one must be well conversant of every aspect of the diseases, from its causes and symptoms to remedies.

Let’s start with the causes of this health hazard.

What Causes of Kidney Failure

Those who are diabetics or suffering from the problem of high blood pressure are more prone to acquire kidney disease. Apart from this those who have a close family member suffering kidney failure is also likely to acquire the disease. However, apart from these pre-existing causes, there are several others which can harm your renal health, they can be caused by varied factors such as:

  • severe dehydration
  • environmental pollutants
  • old age
  • abnormal structure of kidneys

Some of such causes are as follows:

  • Renal Infections can lead to chronic disease if not treated properly.
  • Blood clotting around the kidneys
  • Diseases which are responsible for inflammation of renal blood vessels
  • Excessive alcohol intake is a major cause of organ failure.
  • Chemotherapy also heightens the risk of kidney damage. The drugs and medications prescribed during the treatment of anti-immune diseases are excessively harmful to kidneys.
  • Overload on kidneys of toxins also causes damage to them. Urine elimination issues such as Vesicoureteral accumulate toxins and thus creates a risk of damage.

How to figure out renal health issues

Recognizing the symptoms of kidney damage is not something too easy as the signs are subtle, however, they can be identified if you make a keen observation. It is extremely important to figure out the symptoms so that they can be treated at the right time. If the symptoms will be left unnoticed they can end up in varied health issues such as low red blood count, increased acid levels which can alter oxygen metabolism and enzyme, increased level of urea etc.

Some of the symptoms are listed below, you should observe them closely.

  1. Swelling: Swelling of body parts such as feet, hands or ankles can be a sign of kidney problem, this happens when the kidneys become weak and unable to remove extra fluids from the body. This extra fluid gets accumulated and initiates swelling.
  2. Puffy eyes: Such eyes are often looked from the beauty perspective. However, they can mean much more to a some. When renal health is adversely affected protein of the body gets leaked along with the urine. This is a cause of puffed eyes which you must not ignore.
  3. Breathing issues and excessive cold: Kidney diseases can cause fluid accumulation in the lungs which can cause breathing problem.

In case you are feeling too much cold sit back and observe your body more. When EPO production reduces our red blood cells gets decreased too and causes anemia due to which a person may feel excessive cold.

  1. Nausea and reduced appetite: Unconditional loss of appetite or fluctuations in weight should not be ignored if they last longer, they can be a sign of damaging kidneys.

The main function of kidneys is to remove the waste from our body and when this function is not done in a proper way waste fluids gets stuck in your body, this causes health problems such as vomiting or nausea.

  1. Unhealthy skin: After puffy eyes, this is also a factor which is related to beauty issue, however, your unhealthy skin may be a sign of something more serious.  We know that non-functioning kidneys can’t remove waste. This may be the reason behind excessively dry and itchy skin. Our skin is the mirror of our internal health. The toxicity in the body is shown on the skin in form of rashes or ace breakout etc.
  2. Excessive and constant fatigue: The most ignored one among all the kidney failure symptoms is constant fatigue. EPO or erythropoietin is a hormone which is responsible for the formation of red blood cells, during the kidney disease EPO formation is hurdled. This creates a situation where there are less Red Blood cells to carry oxygen and the person feels constant tiredness.
  3. Noticeable change in urination: Amid other signs of kidney failure there is a change in urination pattern, which is often ignored. However, they not should be. If you are facing abnormal urination patterns such as pale, foamy or bubbly urine, blood coming in urine or suffering difficulty in urinating you must take it seriously.

Now when you have read about the causes of kidney diseases and their symptoms too, you may move forward to the nature of the disease.

There are different types of kidney disease classified into two categories, acute kidney diseases, and chronic kidney diseases.

Acute Diseases: This is a sudden injury or damage to the kidneys. Usually, they don’t last long. However, they must be cured or else they can lead to serious health issues.

Chronic Diseases: Chronic diseases are fatal for the body they last for a longer period and if not taken care at right time they can be incurable and cause death.

Types of kidney disease

There are different stages of chronic diseases:

Technically a person is considered to have acquired chronic renal disease if he/she marks eGFR of less than 60 ml/min/1.73m2 on at least 2 occasions 90 days apart.

You can say that kidney disease is tested on the base of eGFR and the ACR (albumin-creatinine ratio). Sufferers are divided on the scale of G-1 to G-5 as per the eGFR and from A1-A3 as per the ACR.

Below is the list displaying each stage of chronic kidney disease based on eGFR:

STAGE 1– normal or high GFR (GFR>90ml/min)

STAGE 2– mild disease (GFR=60-89ml/min)

STAGE 3 A-Moderate disease (GFR =45-59ml/min)

STAGE3 B – Moderate disease (30-44ml/min)

STAGE 4– Severe disease (15-29ml/min)

STAGE 5– End stage of disease (GFR<15ml/min)

The concept of such diseases is too complex however they can be diagnosed if identified at the right stage. This is why it is advised to get a routine check-up of your body to avoid any unwanted and negative aspects of renal health. Thus you must focus on even the slight changes in the body; this may have become easier after knowing the kidney disease symptoms.

Chronic Kidney Disease

 Kidney Cancer 

 This is something which is even more terrible than what it sounds. Just as other parts of the human body, the kidneys can also suffer cancer. Kidney cancer is better known as renal cancer. You must be aware of the disease as usually, people are unaware of this type of cancer. This is because kidney failure is considered as the fatal problem to the kidneys. However, cancer is nothing less than worst.

In this situation, the kidneys become out of control and tumor is developed. Blood in urine is the very first and noticeable sign of kidney cancer. Fever that is not caused by an infection and stays constantly or excessive pain in the side or lower back are other signs of cancer.

To combat such monstrous diseases one must closely observe bodily changes and identify the kidney infection symptoms if any.

How one can get diagnosed with a chronic kidney disease

 Once a person has acquired chronic kidney disease there are not many options left for him/her. Broadly there are two main ways of getting diagnosed one is dialysis and another is the kidney transplant.

However, in some cases where the disease is in a stage to get cured by mediations, the other two methods are avoided as they are too complexed and better to be avoided.

Dialysis– In this process, a machine does the work of your kidneys for you. It is not a process which you may need once only. Once a person undergoes dialysis it becomes essential for him/her to go through the process at regular intervals. However, a life expectancy that dialysis provides is not too high.

Kidney transplant -This is the last step which can be opted to cure a disease. When both the kidneys of a person get completely non-functional one needs to get kidney transplant surgery.

Now, the fact that should be kept in mind is the whole process of transplantation is not an uncomplex thing this is why one should consult top kidney transplant hospitals.

One who knows and understands every aspect of renal health such as symptoms of kidney problems can better take care of oneself. By curing acute renal failures one can successfully combat the chronic disease as well and take better steps for prevention.

 How to prevent kidney problems:

It is not apt to say that kidney diseases can be prevented thoroughly, however, the chances of preventing them can be reduced to a great extent by following simple things for living a healthy lifestyle.

  • Precautions to stay away from diabetes, as diabetes type1 and type 2 are the most reactive cause of kidney problem.
  • Exercise on a daily basis as per your health and maintain a healthy diet.
  • Quit smoking and avoid Alchohol as they cause great damage to the renal health.
  • Lose weight because obesity is something that can trigger many of the serious diseases including renal issues. Start working on losing weight and try to maintain an ideal weight so that you can stay healthy.
  • Excessive spice and oil in your diet is something that simply does no good for your health and they are also one of the Causes of Kidney Diseases. Plan a healthy diet, eat better stay healthy. Limit your junk food intake and balance your diet.
  • Go for a low salt and low sugar diet, this will aid immensely in preventing chronic kidney diseases. Re plans your diet and focuses on including less salt and sugar in your diet. This will surely be beneficial for you.
  • Kidney transplant


 We all know that prevention is better than cure and when it comes to fatal diseases it is better to stay safe instead of putting your life in danger. If you have identified some Kidney Pain Symptoms don’t get threatened, sit back and relax and search for apt medical assistance. We at Jiyo India can help you in finding out the best Kidney transplant Specialist around you.

Contact us on +91 8750033334,+91 8810627987 or write an email on  for medical assistance. 


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