Are you continually suffering from problems like heartburn, bloating, aches in stomach and flatulence? If your answer is yes, then its time you should make a visit to your doctor. You should not think that they are common problems of the digestive system. If it is left untreated for a long period of time then it may lead to some serious problems that can’t be treated. Yes, you heard it right. You might be suffering from the gastrointestinal disease.
Before we go ahead with discussing gastroenterology, let address what is gastrointestinal tract;
What is the gastrointestinal tract? What are its functions?
This is also k/s GIT, in which there is a hollow muscular tube, that starts right from the oral cavity (where food enters out mouth), passes through the pharynx, esophagus, stomach as well as the intestines till the rectum and anus, and final the eatables exit from our body. It is all about the digestive system. Important components of GIT include oral cavity, salivary glands, Parotids, Submandibular, Sublingual, Oesophagus, Stomach, small and large intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, etc.
Function & Importance of Gastrointestinal Tract-
First and foremost function is to process the eatables that we are consuming, be it a solid or even liquid diet. Gastrointestinal Tract starts functioning as soon as we put the food in our mouth. It is responsible for processing food and distributing all the nutrients, proteins, etc. to our respective body organs and these nutrients help in our overall body functioning. Therefore, to keep your body healthy, your Gastrointestinal Tract should work properly.
so, the gastrointestinal tract is responsible for breaking down the food into healthy nutrients that are absorbed by the body for offering energy. This function of the GI tract is carried out by the following processes
- Ingestion or intake of food
- Secretion of necessary enzymes
- Mixing of food with the enzyme and movement
- Digestion of the food
- Absorption of the necessary nutrients
Any disease that occurs in any part of the track is called a gastrointestinal system disease.
Now, let’s know some more about Gastroenterology disease-
It is the disease that occurs in the gastrointestinal tract. The gastrointestinal tract is an organ system that consists of parts that are involved in the digestion and excretion process namely esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and rectum and all other small organs involved in digestion like liver, and pancreas.
In general terms, we can say that it is a path through which food passes from your mouth goes through the esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine. In this path, the water and the nutrients are absorbed from foods for keeping your body healthy. The things that are not absorbed moves through the gastrointestinal tract and get out of the body through excretion.
Some of the common diseases of the digestive system are:
- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
It is a condition in which the acid of the stomach refluxes back into the esophagus called acid reflux. This causes burning sensation in the middle of the chest.
Gallstones are the hard deposits that are formed in the gallbladder. It is formed because of the too much cholesterol or waste material in the bile. When these stones block the ducts that go from gallbladder to the intestine it leads to sharp pain in the right-hand side of the abdomen.
- Celiac disease
It is a severe sensitivity to gluten. Due to excess gluten in your food, our immune system tends to attack mode and starts destroying villi. This can cause you abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea.
- Crohns disease
It is a group of digestive problems and is also called inflammatory bowel disease. It mainly affects the terminal ileum and can also affect another part of the track as well.
Some of the major Symptoms are:
- Acid reflux
- Peptic ulcer
- Gastrointestinal pain
- Abdominal pain
- Gas and bloating
- Disorders in gallbladders
- Rectal problems in women
Although this is the most common gastric disease symptoms, it is better to check with the doctor if you feel something unusual in your digestive system, because some of the gastrointestinal tract diseases are without symptoms.
Now when you have known about gastrointestinal diseases and what is it symptoms, you must be curious to know what causes this disease.
Gastrointestinal Disease Causes
Doctors have found a variety of causes that cause gastrointestinal disease. Some of the common causes are as follows:
- Poor or unhealthy diet
If you are not taking a proper and healthy diet then this results in some of the GI diseases. A lack of enough fiber in the food can lead to difficulty in passing stools, thereby leading to other complications.
Sometimes the childbirth leads to trauma in the lower abdomen that causes weak muscles, form breaks and can cause several infections in the track.
- Constipation from a long time
When you do not excrete the stools on regular basis then the nerves around have to work very hard for passing these stools, as they become very hard. These then lead to damage to muscles and nerve in the surrounding area.
- Genetic reason
People suffering from Crohn’s disease are more vulnerable to gastrointestinal problems.
- Deficiency of enzymes
When there is a deficiency of enzymes, then certain foods never get digested for which you start feeding the intestinal bacteria. This results in dilation and gas.
The gastroenterology doctor will do a diagnosis to find out if there are any gastrointestinal tract problems in your body. Usually, the diagnosis is carried out by methods like
- X-ray- taking the picture of the inside of your body
- MRI- A deeper look into the inside of your body through MRI scans
- Ultrasound- by inserting a probe into your anal area
- Endoscopy- A probe is inserted into the body through the mouth to find out any possible problems.
If you are staying in Delhi, then you will find a large number of the best gastroenterologist in Delhi who can provide you with the best treatments for making a proper diagnosis of the disease. There are so many treatments for gastrointestinal tract problems, from which your doctor will choose depending on the severity of the disease.
- Antibiotics- It will help in removing the infection and stopping it from spreading.
- Surgical removal of the part or any growth that has been created.
- Proper diets- If your disease is in initial stage you doctor may advise you to make some necessary dietary changes, that can help in getting rid of the disease.
Prevention Of Gastrointestinal Diseases
As we all know that prevention is better than cure, therefore why not we should take proper prevention to avoid this stomach digestive problem. The most important thing is a healthy diet. The healthier food you take, the less you will be required to search for the gastroenterologist in Delhi. Also, it is always good to keep a track of your health, therefore going for regular check-ups will help you in preventing the disease from its initial phase.
What’s The Best Diet For Gastrointestinal Problems?
Here is an ideal list of eatables you can include in the diet to stay away from any kind of gastrointestinal problems.
- Fruit- Apples, Avocados, Grapes, Berries, Bananas, Honeydew, Mango, Peaches, Pears, Watermelon, Cantaloupe, Canned fruits (canned in fruit juice or water), Papaya
- Vegetables- Beets, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Cucumbers, Corn, Asparagus, Broccoli, Mushrooms, Peas, Onions, Spinach, Beans, Potatoes, Tomatoes, Tomatoes
- Meat/protein- Eggs, Fish, Lean meats, Dried peas, lentils, beans, Peanut butter, Poultry, Tofu, Nuts
- Grains- Whole wheat pasta, Multigrain pieces of bread, crackers, cereals, Rice (brown or wild)
Many of us will have digestive problems with certain foods. You can make out once you eat them and feel uneasy. Keep a balanced diet every day.
So, if you really want to avoid gastrointestinal tract problems, then eat healthily, do exercise on regular basis and try to avoid food that can damage your body.
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