In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Treatment, Procedure, Success Rate & Side effects

IVF Treatment Essentials: Procedure, Success Rate & Side effects

what is IVF treatment?

IVF treatment is an assisted reproductive technology is very common infertility treatment. IVF treatment uses a combination of surgical procedures and medicines to aid fertilization process, embryo development, and implantation to get you pregnant. IVF treatment helps sperm fertilize an egg and then implant the fertilized egg into the uterus.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Treatment, Procedure, Success Rate & Side effects

what is infertility?

Infertility is the condition of the reproductive system that prevents a couple from having children of their own. India faces a high infertility burden with more than 30 million couples in the reproductive age group suffering from prolonged infertility. Among this, the female factor accounts for about 40 to 50 percent causes of infertility among the couples. 

Amongst all the infertility treatments available in the country, IVF treatment offers better results.  Infertility specialists in IVF hospital in India have the ability and the latest technologies to offer successful solutions such as laparoscopy for infertility.

How does IVF treatment work? 

IVF process consists of many steps, and it might take several months to finish the whole process. Sometimes it gets successful on the first attempt itself. But for some people, more than one round of IVF treatment might be needed to get pregnant.  IVF increases your chances of getting pregnant, especially for those who have fertility problems.  However, there is no guarantee since each person’s body is different and IVF treatment might not work for everyone.

IVF Treatment Essentials: Procedure, Success Rate & Side effects

Learn how to increase fertility using the IVF process. This is how the IVF process is carried out :

Ovulation Induction

You will first receive certain medicines that will help improve fertility, for several months. As a result, your ovaries will start producing several eggs. You might need regular ultrasounds or blood tests to measure your hormone levels and keep track of your egg production.

Egg retrieval

Once the eggs get mature enough for fertilization, the fertility specialist will remove them from your body. Egg retrieval is a small surgical procedure which is carried out at a fertility clinic.

You will be given medicines to keep you relaxed and comfortable throughout the procedure. Your fertility specialist will use an ultrasound to check and then will insert a thin hollow tube via your vagina and into the ovarian follicles that hold your eggs. The needle will be connected to a suction device using which your eggs can be pulled out of each ovarian follicle.

IVF Treatment Essentials: Procedure, Success Rate & Side effects


Your eggs and the sperm cells of your partner or donor will be mixed. The mixture will be stored in a special container that aids fertilization. If in case, your partner’s sperms have a low motility rate, they might be injected directly into the eggs to promote fertilization.

The cells in the fertilized eggs start dividing and reach the embryo stage. The embryos are then monitored by the people working in the lab.

Embryo transfer

After about three to five days post the egg retrieval, one or more embryos are then transferred into your uterus. For this, the fertility expert slides a thin tube through your cervix and then inserts it directly into your uterus using the tube. Embryo transfer is carried out only at the doctor’s office or an IVF hospital in India, and it is not a painful process.

IVF Treatment Essentials: Procedure, Success Rate & Side effects


If any of the embryos attach to your uterus lining, you are likely to get pregnant. Rest is advised for the rest of the day post embryo transfer. You can resume your daily routine from the following day.

Sometimes, an IVF specialist in India might prescribe pills or daily shots of a hormone called progesterone during the first ten weeks after the embryo transfer — progesterone aids in the survival of the embryo in your uterus.

Side effects of IVF treatment

Just like any other treatment or medical procedure, in vitro fertilization process is also prone to certain risks and side effects. Some of them include.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Treatment, Procedure, Success Rate & Side effects
  • Bloating
  • Breast tenderness
  • Cramping
  • Headaches
  • Allergic reactions to medicine
  • Mood swings
  • Bruising from shots
  • Bleeding
  • Infection

Discuss with your doctor about any concerns or doubts about IVF treatment risks or side effects. Learn about the best days to get pregnant and if you fail despite trying for around six months or more, consider IVF treatment. It can cause emotional distress to both you and your family members. Some individuals who try out these treatments tend to struggle with depression and anxiety throughout the process. If you feel discourages or overwhelmed, you can discuss with people who have undertaken the treatment already. You can also reach out to such individuals via online forums and in-person communities.

How much does IVF cost in India?

On average, IVF treatment costs in India around 3500 USD. The fee is inclusive of medicines, procedures, anesthesia, ultrasounds, blood tests, laboratory works, and embryo storage.

What is the ideal age for IVF treatment?

IVF is successful for women especially under the age of 35 and those who use donor eggs.  However, for women of all ages, there is a 34-42% chance of success rates over three cycles. Ask your fertility specialist about how to make IVF successful the first time.

Who is a good candidate for IVF treatment?

IVF is intended to treat women with

  • Tubal disease
  • Pelvic Adhesions
  • Endometriosis
  • Male factor infertility or male infertility causes
  • Reduced Ovarian function
  • Age-related infertility
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Anovulation
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Genetic diseases

IVF treatment is effective in treating couples who have been trying to conceive for more than six months. IVF has also been successful for women who have been previously unsuccessful with other fertility treatments, medications, and IUI procedure.

It can be disappointing and painful to try various Assisted Reproductive Technologies without getting successful. But IVF treatment offers hope even when all the other methods have failed.  IVF treatment is never the first step to treat infertility except in cases of total tubal blockage. It is reserved for cases where other fertility treatments such as surgeries, drugs and artificial insemination have failed.

Who might not be benefited from IVF treatment?

  • Women with a low ovarian reserve and those who do not produce healthy eggs
  • Those who do not want to use a donor.
  • Women with conditions like fibroid tumors, uterine abnormalities, Ovarian dysfunction
  • Severely obese women since a very high BMI can affect egg quality and fertility medications.

If you think IVF treatment is best for you, carefully assess your treatment center before undergoing the procedure. Find out their success rates, the cost and other details about it.

If you are a couple that is looking to get treatment from one of the best IVF hospitals in India, Jiyo India is there to help! Jiyo India Pvt. Ltd. is a premium healthcare facilitator that helps people throughout the world get the best possible treatment facilities from the best IVF doctors in India to achieve a successful pregnancy. We guide you towards finding the best IVF Specialists in India. We provide customized healthcare/ surgery packages to infertile patients across the world. Feel free to comment below in case of any queries regarding IVF treatments.

Contact us on +91 8750033334, +91 8810601324 or write an email on for medical assistance. 

Also Read About: IVF (In Vitro Fertilization): An Introduction and Procedure


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