Kidney Failure: Symptoms, Signs, Stages, Causes, and Treatment

Kidney Failure: Symptoms, Signs, Stages, Causes, and Treatment

In a human body, the two kidneys are important bean-shaped organs of the renal system and each is about the size of a fist. The two kidneys are located just below the rib cage, on the side of the spine. They are responsible for filtering about 120 to 150 quarts of blood every day thereby forming 1 to 2 quarts of urine, consisting of wastes and additional fluid of the body. let’s discuss Kidney Failure, Symptoms, Signs, Stages, Causes, and Treatment

You must be thinking why kidneys are a vital part of the human body. Well! Before discussing any other kidney related essentials, let’s focus on some of the important kidney functions:

  • Maintenance of overall fluid balance in the body
  • Regulation and filtration of minerals from the blood
  • Filtering out waste materials from various substances in the body like food, medications.
  • Formation of hormones that assist in the production of red blood cells.
  • Promotes the good health of bone
  • Regulation of blood pressure

The above functions imply how important our kidneys for the human body. But sometimes due to some reason, people may suffer from various kidney problems. Let’s discuss it in details.

Most of the kidney problems are without symptoms. Generally, kidney disease symptoms are not seen until and unless the kidney problem is in an advanced stage. For which it is very important to do regular testing of kidney functions to stay free from major kidney problems. Early diagnosis of kidney problems helps in easy and faster treatment.

Some of the common symptoms of kidney problems are:

  • Nausea
  • Back pain
  • Increased urination
  • Malaise
  • Swelling feet
  • Dizziness
  • High blood pressure
  • Blood in the urine

Kidney Failure: Symptoms, Signs, Stages, Causes, and Treatment

When a person suffers from any of these above symptoms, then he must see a doctor immediately. Although these symptoms are also seen in other health problems, to be on the safe side, it is better to consult a doctor before it is too late. Your doctor will do an effective diagnosis of any possible kidney diseases by doing important blood and urine test for a kidney. Often it is recommended that a person with a family history of kidney problems must do frequent blood and urine test required for proper monitoring of kidney health.

Various types of kidney diseases are:


It is a condition which shows the presence of red blood cells in the urine. It is caused because of urinary tract infection, trauma, strenuous exercise, bleeding disorders, and tumors.


Proteinuria is a condition in which there is a large amount of protein in the urine and is a major sign of kidney problem. The kidney is responsible for not allowing much amount of protein to pass into the urine. But any damage in kidney causes the protein to leak into the urine.

3.Kidney stones

Kidney Failure: Symptoms, Signs, Stages, Causes, and Treatment

Kidney stones are mainly hard deposits composed of mineral and salts that are formed inside the kidney. It affects the urinary tract. The primary cause of kidney stone is the concentrated urine which allows the minerals to get crystallized and eventually sticking together to form hard stone like deposits.

Some of the common symptoms of kidney stones are:

  • Pain below the ribs in the side and back also radiating to lower abdomen and groin area
  • Pain while urinating
  • Urine colour is pink, red or brown
  • Urge to urinate frequently
  • Very small amount of urine

4. Polycystic kidney disease

This is a genetic disease of kidneys that results in the formation of various cysts in the kidney and causes damage.

5. Chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease is a kidney damage that has occurred for a long time and often results in kidney failure.

6. Acute Kidney disease

Sometimes some major injury, loss of blood and some medications can result in kidney damage that may or may not be cured.

Kidney failure-a major malfunctioning of kidneys

Well! We have discussed a little about chronic kidney disease and acute kidney disease that often results in kidney failure. Yes, the last stage of a chronic kidney disease is a complete failure of kidney and is also called end-stage renal disease. When a kidney fails because of chronic kidney disease means, it stops working altogether and requires either dialysis or a transplant. Chronic kidney disease often results from some other health problems of the body that causes damage to the kidney over time. When it gets worse, it leads to kidney failure. You must be curious to know what are causes of kidney failure:

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Urinary tract problems
  • Polycystic kidney disease

Sometimes kidney failure occurs suddenly this is called acute kidney failure. This occurs because of some accidental injury caused to the kidney. Some of the common causes are

  • Heart attack
  • Illegal drug use
  • Minimal blood flowing to the kidney
  • Urinary tract problems

Kidney failure symptoms:

As we know that chronic kidney disease starts worsening slowly, therefore, symptoms are not seen until it has reached the last stage. When kidney failure becomes nearer you may start showing symptoms that result because of the deposition of the waste and water in the body. Some of the common symptoms of chronic kidney failure are

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Itching
  • Less appetite
  • Frequent urination
  • Sleep problem
  • Breathing problem

A person who suffers from sudden kidney failure or acute kidney failure will show symptoms like

  • Pain in abdomen
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Rashes
  • Nosebleeds
  • Diarrhea
  • Back pain

How to treat kidney failure?

For surviving you need either dialysis or kidney transplantation. But choosing kidney transplantation than dialysis is a more good option. Kidney carries out many important functions. When it fails this function stops altogether and by dialysis, some of the functions can be carried out not all. But by transplanting with a new healthy kidney, you will be able to lead a normal life. This is the reason you may need a kidney transplantation for leading a better life. Now let’s discuss in detail about kidney transplantation.

Kidney transplantation is the process of replacing a failed kidney with a healthy and working kidney obtained from another person called a donor. Although it is not a complete cure but people who undergo kidney transplantation are living a happier life than before. But they have to remain under the supervision of kidney specialist rest of their life, who will guide about all important things and medications. At Jiyoindia, the network of hospitals offers a substantial and complete kidney transplant program, with a high success rate.

Kidney Failure: Symptoms, Signs, Stages, Causes, and Treatment

Kidney Failure: Symptoms, Signs, Stages, Causes, and Treatment

How to prepare for kidney transplantation?

However, before undergoing kidney transplantation the patient has to undergo several tests to know whether he is eligible for undergoing transplant or not. This test is to know

  • How much will the patient benefit from transplant?
  • Withstanding capacity of the patient for the major surgery
  • How well can he adjust the new organ?

Risks involved in kidney transplantation;

Kidney transplantation is not that easy process. There are various risks involved in the whole process. Persons who are at major risk are

  • Older generation
  • Persons suffering from diabetes, high blood pressure, polycystic kidney disease.
  • Smokers

To minimize the risk doctors usually take major precautions before initiating the process. Other than this there is also risk involved after a successful transplantation. Some of the common complications that arise post-transplantation are

  • Heart disease
  • Infections
  • Cancer
  • Other health problems

To minimize these doctors usually keep monitoring every functionality and the patients has to undergo several tests continuously for many months. They are also kept under antibiotics to decrease the chance of infections. There is also the risk of rejection of the new kidney by the patient’s body. The patient’s body sometimes thinks it as a foreign body and rejects it and body immune system starts attacking. Some of the major symptoms of rejection are

  • High blood pressure
  • Swelling
  • Fevers and chills
  • Minimized urine output

When a person suffers from all these symptoms he should immediately undergo emergency treatment for avoiding any complications.

Survival rate after kidney transplantation;

The survival rate after a transplantation has increased over years, thanks to the pre-transplantation surgery precautions and post-surgery care and monitoring. A person who successfully undergoes a kidney transplantation can survive a minimum 10-20 years.

Choosing ‘Jiyo India’ can let you meet best-possible kidney transplantation consultants on a priority basis. We are the best point of contact because;

  • Our network of hospitals contains all the latest diagnostic and therapeutic facilities.
  • We have world-class laboratories with excellent inter-cooperation between departments, that speeds up the transplantation process.
  • All our impaneled hospitals have highly skilled and internationally known kidney specialists.
  • Kidney transplantation surgery is offered at a very affordable price.

Contact us on +91 8810627987,+91 8750033334 or write an email on for medical assistance. 

Also Read About:- Chronic Kidney Disease: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment


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