Knee Pain Causes, Treatments, Prevention and Diagnosis

You might have seen people complaining of deep pain in knees, those who are suffering the pain can only understand what it actually feels like. Knee pain is probably one of the most common musculoskeletal issues that trouble many of us. One can categorize it straightaway on the basis of the affected portion of the knee.  The types of knee pain are as follows:

  1. Anterior Knee Pain (Front portion)
  2. Posterior Knee Pain (a Back portion of the knee)
  3. Lateral Knee Pain (outside of knee)
  4. Medial Knee Pain (inside of knee)

Often knee pain is considered as normal muscular ache caused by minor injuries or day-to-day activities. This is what gives the pain room to grow and become more troublesome steadily. This is why it is said that identifying the issue at the right time is fundamental for better treatment. Below are some symptoms of knee pain, if they are hitting you along with pain, it is time to be cautious and treat it. Read and remember them to avoid unwanted pain.

  • StiffnessKnee Pain Causes, Treatments, Prevention and Diagnosis
  • Swelling
  • Instability or sudden weakness
  • Crunching noises
  • Difficulty or inability in straightening knees
  • Warmth or redness to the touch

Once, you become aware of these signs you need to know the knee pain causes too. In order to protect your knees, stay far from the factors causing knee pain as much as possible.

Causes of knee pain:

This sort of pain can be a result of injuries that have affected ligaments or cartilage, some medical conditions such as arthritis, gout, and infections also trigger knee pain.

Knee Pain Causes, Treatments, Prevention and Diagnosis

Let’s understand such causes in a detailed manner.

Injuries: Injuries which affects ligaments, tendons, bones or cartilage lead one to knee pain. Some of such injuries are:

Fractures -Falling or vehicles collisions are some factors causes fractures which ultimately may lead you to knee pain as the knee bones or kneecap (patella) can get broken. Those who have encountered osteoporosis can sustain a knee fracture merely on a wrong step.

ACL Injury– In this case, the ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) gets tore, majorly it occurs to the sportspersons as sports such as basketball includes a sudden change of direction.

Knee Bursitis -To glide tendons and ligaments over the knee joint, we have small sacs of fluids outside the knees, in some injuries bursae inflammation occurs and causes much trouble to the knees.

Torn meniscus -Meniscus lies between our shin bone and thigh bone. It is a shock absorber made up of tough and rubbery cartilage. Some activities such as twisting the knee suddenly may put extra weight on it and it may tear.

 Mechanical issues:

Some mechanical issues also trigger knee pain:

 Iliotibial band syndrome-There is a band of tissue ranging from outside of the hip to knee joint. It is called the Iliotibial band. This band becomes extremely tight and rubs against the femur. Runners are more prone to this syndrome.

Dislocation of kneecap-In some cases the patella, commonly known as kneecap gets dislocated and causes immense pain. The dislocation is usually visible.

Pain in foot or hip-Often people who are facing pain in hip bones or foot changes the way they walk and stand to avoid the pain. In many cases, this puts extra weight on the knees and causes pain.

Apart from mechanical issues and injuries, arthritis is the main reason for chronic knee pain.

Arthritis is a disease which exists in about100 types. Here, we are listing some kinds of arthritis which affect the knees to a great extent.

  1. Gout
  2. Rheumatoid arthritis
  3. Osteoarthritis
  4. Pseudogout
  5. Septic arthritis

There are some risk factors too, that can initiate or increase knee pain.


Excessive weight puts stress on your knees. Even normal activities such as walking or using stairs create havoc for them. Thus it is advised to keep an ideal weight in order to stay away from knee pain. Apart from this, being overweight makes you prone to osteoarthritis.

Weakness and lack of flexibility in muscles

These are the most common reasons for knee injuries and pain. Tightened muscles are unable to absorb the stress exerted on the knee joints and thus the overburdened knees get painful.


Not all sports make you vulnerable to knee pain, however, there are certain sports that put you at the risk of knee injury and ultimately knee pain. They include Alpine skiing, Basketball, soccer etc. All these sports have the potential for falls, sudden injuries and frequent changes of direction.

 Complications in knee pains

At times knee pain can be cured easily while in some cases it comes very difficult to get rid of it. The intensity of the pain depends on its cause and its type. If the pain is acute it can be treated with home remedies or simple medications whereas, chronic pain needs utmost care, it may require medications, physiotherapies, constant consultations and at times surgeries and total knee replacement.

The knee pain which can have complications includes the pain caused by osteoarthritis. Apart from this, some injuries can cause serious damage to the knees such as joint damage or disability.

Knee Pain Causes, Treatments, Prevention and Diagnosis

Is it preventable?

In the case where knee pain occurs because of sudden factors such as knee injuries, it is straightway not possible to prevent it or take any precautions. However, we always try to be on the safer side and keep precautions as much as possible. Here are some of the suggestions which can help in keeping the pain away or recovering from it.

1) Maintain your weight – This is undoubtedly the most important thing to do in order to safeguard yourself. Excessive weight puts you at the risk of many diseases including joint pain. Thus it is necessary to a have a balanced weight according to your size and age to reduce the burden on the knees. It will lessen the chances of injuries as well.

2) Keep yourself active – Stop being lazy, if you are now. Keep your body used to the workout. Do whatever you can do, from simply walking to jogging, swimming to simple exercises or sports to heavy exercises.

3) Don’t stress your body – Working out never means over stressing your body. It will do no good to you, in fact, it causes harm only. Do mindful exercises with proper warm up.

To treat the pain the main focus remains on breaking the inflammatory cycle. This can be done by controlling the factors that cause inflammation. In case the pain has not reached its ultimate stage, you can treat it at home as well as using below-mentioned home remedies for knee pain.

  • If you have encountered an injury, protect your knee from further injuries.
  • Give rest to the knee, this will give it time to heal and put less strain.
  • Icing can give great relief
  • Elevate it will help in lessening the swelling.
  • Compression is also helpful in removing pain.

What is the right time to see the doctor?

If your knee pain is not leaving you even after trying all home remedies and staying constant you should make a call to a doctor. If you are facing the factors listed below consistently, then it will be better to not delay the visit to a doctor.

  • Inability to move or bend the knee
  • Any kind of deformity
  • Abnormal pain
  • Excessive or sudden swelling

When it comes to medical assistance, you should choose the best orthopedic treatment in India. It may give you more issues and to keep you away from the unnecessary trouble of finding a better treatment Jiyo India is availing leading healthcare facilities for knee pain.

Diagnosis of knee pain

After being acquainted with the patient’s general health, a doctor will move to further diagnosis and ask the nature of knee pain. It may include questions regarding the intensity and duration of pain. It will be followed by a physical examination to check the stability of ligaments, tenderness, and swelling. Both the knees may be compared. It has been observed that a perfect examiner is as better as an X-Ray test and we can provide you access to such professionals.

Moreover, there are some other tests performed, if needed.

Radiologic tests – This includes tests such as X-ray and MRI. X-ray reveals vegetative changes of knee and fractures, whereas MRI evaluates soft tissues to identify cartilage or muscle injuries and ligament tears.

Blood Test– The doctor may advice blood tests if serious medical conditions such as arthritis or gout are suspected.

Arthrocentesis– Commonly known as removal of joint fluid, it is a process in which the fluid is extracted and tested.

How to treat knee pain

The treatment depends on the severity of pain.


They are prescribed for pain relief.


Knee Pain Causes, Treatments, Prevention and Diagnosis

It helps a lot in treating knee pain an avoid worsening of existing issue as the muscles around the knees are strengthens.


Medication is directly injected into the knees. It needs to be repeated after every few months.


It is performed in extreme cases, where all the other methods fail to work. Surgeries range from arthroscopic knee surgery to total knee replacement. All the surgical procedures are too complex and need to be done with a specialized approach. You can head towards us to get treated by some of the experienced and best knee replacement doctors in India.

After a surgery is done a patient can get back to a normal life. The person is likely to get full functionality or near about full functionality of the joints in 6-7 weeks post-surgery. The knee replacement recovery time is not too long; however, it depends on the post-surgery care.

Prognosis of a knee pain

The knee pain may come for a while and move away, at times it may stay for weeks or months. If your pain is turning into chronic one, get yourself to a doctor. It will prevent more damage to your cartilage, ligaments or bones. The prognosis of knee pain highly depends upon the causes.

Though the better thing is today we are surrounded by the latest surgical techniques and best orthopedic surgeons, which can make it possible to remove varied knee pain syndrome.

Contact us on +91 8810627987,+91 8750033334 or write an email on for medical assistance. 

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