In liver transplant is a surgery in which the patient’s diseased liver is replaced by a liver from another person. However, it’s vital to understand that who needs a liver transplant. People who require liver transplants typically have either Acute Liver failure or Chronic Liver Failure.
This blog focuses on the Liver, symptoms, causes, and treatment of various liver diseases.
Liver Anatomy and Function
Firstly, it’s necessary to understand about Liver and its function. The liver is one of the major organs without which one cannot live. The liver is responsible for many functions comprising removal of degraded products such as ammonia and bilirubin, metabolism of toxins and drugs and the synthesis of enzymes and proteins that are necessary for blood clotting.
Who Needs a Liver transplant?
In a liver transplant, a damaged liver is surgically replaced by a normal and healthy liver. This is the only option left as there is no other machine that can perform the function of a liver.
The symptoms that cover liver transplant patient may include one of the following conditions.
When a healthy liver suffers a critical injury then it is termed as an acute liver failure. The common reason for this kind of failure includes acetaminophen overdose, viral infections or an ingestion toxin ingestions. The patient suffering from the acute liver disease may die if a liver transplant is not performed immediately unlike patients suffering from the chronic liver disease with a capacity to survive weeks to months to years awaiting liver transplantation.
Chronic liver failure
It must be noted that the liver has a remarkable ability to repair itself if it gets injured. However, repeat injury for year’s decades may scar the liver permanently. Cirrhosis is the end stage of the liver scar where the liver can no longer repair itself. The person suffering from cirrhosis starts showing the sign of inadequate liver function. The permanent cure for this disorder is Liver transplantation
Signs and Symptoms of Decompensated Liver Disease:-
The ability to resist portal blood flow increases, once the liver is majorly scarred, resulting in increased pressure. This leads to the creation of another way for returning of blood to the heart. The enlargement of veins outside liver takes place because of the high amount of blood flowing through them with high pressure. The veins also spread around portions of the gastrointestinal tract, mostly the esophagus and stomach and may get ruptured and bleed. Such type bleeding can be life-threatening.
Another function of liver circulating blood by synthesizing proteins, including albumin. Fluid in the vascular space is retained by albumin. Low albumin level can cause forcing out of the bloodstream, which is not absorbable. The elimination of the degraded products of hemoglobin is one of the prime function of Liver Bilirubin is one of those degradation products processed and excreted by the liver.
Causes of Chronic Liver Injury
Hepatitis B infection accounts for approximately 5% of all liver transplants are affected by Hepatitis B infection US in other parts of the US, the percentage is majorly high especially in Asia and Australia.
Hepatitis C: This is the most common indication in case of liver transplantation affecting nearly 50% of all liver transplant recipients.
The second most common reason for Liver is high alcohol intake.
Metabolic Liver Disease
In this type, the deposition of fat within liver cells can cause an inflammation that injuries and scars the liver. The percentage of such kind of patient has increased.
Autoimmune Liver Disease
Autoimmune hepatitis: The liver gets damaged due to the patient’s own immune system.
Who Are Not Candidates for a Liver Transplant?
Now, let’s focus on people suffering from cirrhosis and damaged liver disease but cannot opt for a liver transplant. The patient should possess the ability to sustain the surgery and the complications post operations. The following conditions are generally considered as opposite for liver transplantation.
The life is limited to short-term due to irreversible medical illness.
- The uncontrollable infection or cancer that has spread outside of the liver
- Systemic or uncontrollable infection
- Excessive intake of alcohol or drugs
- Non-compliant to follow a strict medical guideline.
- The psychiatric disease which is severe and uncontrollable.
It refers to the protocol that determines the distribution of available organs among the patients waiting for liver transplant. The count of patients waiting for a liver transplant has been largely unchanged.
In liver transplant is a surgery in which the patient’s diseased liver is replaced by a liver from another person. However, it’s vital to understand that who needs a liver transplant. Further, it’s evident that getting treatment from a specialized liver transplant medical team is mandatory.
Jiyo India is providing this service from one of the best hospitals in Delhi/NCR at low cost and fast procedure.
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