FESS - Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

The image guided endoscopic surgery in short is called as FESS. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery is the expanded form of FESS. Tophospitalsforfunctional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) in India assurescomplete management of nasal polypi.

Medical condition associated with image guided endoscopy

Nasal polypi is the major condition associated with FESS. Nasal polyp, in general are of two types namely,Bilateral ethmoidal polypi andAntrochronal polyp. Image guided surgery is preferred in case of bilateral ethmoidal polypi. Aetiology of nasal polypi is very complex and not well-understood. In common they are seen associated with,

  • Nasal mastocytosis
  • Young's syndrome
  • Rhinosinitis
  • Asthma
  • Aspirin intake physiological intolerance
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Allergic fungal sinusitis
  • Kartagener's syndrome

India is a major destination for highly qualified otorhinolaryngologists or otolaryngologists or ENTsurgeons.

Nasal mucosa, particularly in the region of middle meatus and turbinated becomes edematous due to collection of extracellular fluid causing polypoidal change. Multiple nasal polypi always arise from lateral wall of nose, usually from the middle meatus. Common sites are,Uncinate process, Bulla ethmoidalis,Ostia of Sinuses, Medial surface and Edge of middle turbinate

The symptoms of nasal polypi are,Protruding of mass from nose, Watery discharge from nose, Sneezing, Nasal stiffness, Partial or total loss smell sensation and Headache due to associated sinusitis. All the above mentioned symptoms can be treated affordable costof functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS)in India

The method used in functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is an image guided endoscopic moderately invasive procedure, which removes all the polypi masses. Polypi can be removed more accurately when ethmoid cells are removed, and drainage and ventilation provided to the other involved sinuses such as maxillary, sphenoidal or frontal.

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