The heart has four chambers namely right atrium, left atrium, right ventricle and left ventricle. There are congenital abnormalities with chamber and vessel problems which impairs the circulation and normal growth of the child. The Fontan conversion surgery is a surgical procedure followed in babies born with single ventricle. The systemic circulation and pulmonary circulation is initiated through the single ventricle present in the heart.
The most common condition with single ventricle is associated with tricuspid atresia. The single ventricle manages to pump the blood for lungs and to the rest of circulation.
There are different types of Fontan procedure which includes ventricularization, retaining atriopulmonary connections and cavopulmonary connections. The procedure is performed after 2 years from the birth of a child. The surgical procedure includes two stages of repair. The blood from superior vena cava is diverted to the lungs in the first stage of surgery. In the second stage the blood from the inferior vena cava is directed to the lungs for oxygenation process. Super specialty centers in India are having all the best facilities for assuring good service and care in all medical procedures.
The first stage of surgery is called as Hemi-Fontan procedure and the second stage is called as Fontan completion. The doctors specialized in pediatric cardiology deals the Fontan procedure. The doctors in India is experienced and excellent in managing all procedures in cardiology.
India is a country with well established medical system. The specialty centers are having high facilities and highly qualified doctors. The official procedure for visa is also done by the good quality medical service providers in India. Fontan Conversion Surgery cost in India is also affordable compared to other countries.