Image-Guided Endoscopic Nasal and Sinus Surgery

The image guided endoscopic surgery in short is called as FESS. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery is the expanded form of FESS. India is a major destination for highly qualified otorhinolaryngologists or otolaryngologists or ENTsurgeons.

Medical condition associated with image guided endoscopy

Nasal polypi is the major condition associated with FESS. Nasal polyp, in general are of two types namely,

  • Bilateral ethmoidal polypi and
  • Antrochronalpolyp

Image guided surgery is preferred in case of bilateral ethmoidal polypi.

Aetiology of nasal polypiis very complex and not well-understood. In common they are seen associated with,

  • Inflammatory conditions of nasal mucosa( rhinosinusitis)
  • Asthma
  • Aspirin intolerance
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Allergic fungal sinusitis
  • Kartagener's syndrome
  • Young's syndrome
  • Churg-Strauss syndrome and
  • Nasal mastocytosis

Top hospitals for image guided endoscopy – nasal sinus surgery in India assures complete management of nasal polypi


Nasal mucosa, particularly in the region of middle meatus and turbinated becomes edematous due to collection of extracellular fluid causing polypoidal change. Multiple nasal polypi always arise from lateral wall of nose, usually from the middle meatus. Common sites are,

  • Uncinate process
  • Bulla ethmoidalis
  • Ostia of Sinuses
  • Medial surface and
  • Edge of middle turbinate

The symptoms of nasal polypi are,

  • Nasal stiffness
  • Partial or total loss smell sensation
  • Headache due to associated sinusitis
  • Sneezing and watery nasal discharge and
  • Mass protruding from the nostril

All the above mentioned symptoms can be treated affordable cost of image guided endoscopy- nasal sinus surgery in India.


The popular method of functional endoscopic sinus surgery is used in the management of nasal polypi. The method is an image guided endoscopic moderately invasive procedure, which helps in removing all the polypi masses. Polypi can be removed more accurately when ethmoid cells are removed, and drainage and ventilation provided to the other involved sinuses such as maxillary, sphenoidal or frontal. Imageguided endoscopy – nasal sinus surgery in India can be chosen by those people seeking the best treatment.

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