The surgical procedure of replacing joint articulating surfaces with artificial structures like metal or plastic plate is called as replacement or arthroplasty. Arthroplasty performed in the impaired knee joint for reducing symptoms and adding comfort is called as knee replacement surgery. The method of knee replacement is highly popular in India.
The medical centers and medical professionals in India are the best and matchless in assuring the best available treatment and care. The procedures like knee replacement surgeries are having high success rate and results in the orthopedic centers of India. The major indications of knee joint replacement are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and trauma. The major symptoms include pain and difficulty in movement. The knee will experience swelling along with inflammatory changes within the joint in certain conditions. The diagnostic measures include arthroscopy, X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging. The arthroscopic technique helps in visualizing as well as repairing the joint.
The orthopedic doctors in India are highly experienced and excellent in performing medical procedures. In general there are three types of arthroplasty or replacement surgeries performed for joint stability. The arthroplasty procedures namely,
The excision arthroplasty method excises one or both the articular surface for adding space between the surfaces for attaining easy movement of the joint. Excision arthroplasty is not performed in knee joint. The method of hemi arthroplasty is done to replace one of the articular surfaces with prosthesis. In case of knee joint as it is divided into compartments the affected compartment areas can be replaced instead of total replacement. The complete replacement of knee joint is performed with the help of arthroplasty. The tibial and fibular collateral ligaments are preserved in the surgery. The major ligaments within the knee are removed along with the articular areas. The metal structure is placed with the help of polymethylmethacrylate cement. The method of cement less osseointegration is also used in knee joint replacement.
Knee replacement surgery cost in India is also highly affordable compared to other countries. The medical service providers and hospitals in India assure the best available care for the patients undertaking medical procedures. The quality and standards maintained by the super specialty centers are matchless and best to provide possible available treatments with high success rate.