Fact- More people die of lung cancer than breast, prostate and colon cancer.
The other name for lung cancer is lung carcinoma. It is a lung disease with the highest mortality rate. It is also one of the fastest spreading cancers and a common cause of death in the present times, owing to increase in pollution and unhealthy lifestyle.
Patients, who have a family history of lung diseases, lung cancer, are more prone to the disease. Sometimes exposure to radiation therapies can trigger the growth of cancer cells in the body. A heavy consumer of tobacco, cigarettes and pipe-smoking is naturally exposed to the risks of lung cancer. The spread of cancer cells to other parts of the body is known as metastasis and this is what makes cancer more fatal.
Lung cancer start off at the lungs or the lining of the respiratory tracts and spread to other parts of the body, affecting the brain, liver, bones, glands and lymph nodes.
The scariest attribute of lung cancer is that you do not realise it is cancer until it is too late. Most of the symptoms start off similar to that of a bad cold. This leads to negligence of the condition in the earlier stage. Since lung cancer is a speedily spreading cancer, it is usually detected at a much-advanced stage.
Some of the symptoms that a patient should be aware of and seek immediate medical assistance:
1. Unusual loss of weight
2. Constant headaches
4. Hoarseness of the voice
5. Respiratory difficulties such as shortness of breath
6. Constant cough that refuses to reduce even after taking medicines
7. Presence of blood in the phlegm when coughing, even the slightest trace of it
8. Persistent weakness and malaise
9. Unexplained chest pain
10. Loss of appetite
11. Recurring respiratory infections
The lungs are the two vital spongy organs presented on both sides of the chest or thorax. The lungs act like airbags that fill up with air during inhalation and deflate upon exhalation. The function of the lungs is to extract and absorb oxygen from the air and release carbon dioxide. Oxygen is the chief component of our blood stream and the entire functioning of our body is dependent upon oxygen.
When the lungs are affected by cancer, the lungs are discoloured and there is uncontrollable growth of malignant tumours and cell clusters that will hinder the functioning of the lungs and eventually lead to respiratory failure.
If your medical expert suspects cancer, he will use several diagnostic procedures to assess the situation and suggest treatment procedures accordingly.
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Other treatment procedures for advanced stages of lung cancer include
Typically, once a patient has been diagnosed with lung cancer, he or she will approximately live for about 5 years depending upon the spread of cancer. When diagnosed early, the survival chances increase automatically.
Without treatment, patients with rapidly spreading NSCL cancer can make it to a maximum of 6 months or a year.
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